What is Migraine?
Word “Migraine” is derived from the Greek word – “hemicranias” – pain on one side of head. It is chronic neurological disorder. Patient suffers from recurrent moderate to severe headaches. The person is extremely sensitive to light and sound which can last for hours to days. It greatly affects the life of the sufferer. Headache is one of the most common reasons for patient to seek medical attention. Migraine affects approximately 12% of the population.
Types of Migraine
Migraine with Aura
Migraine without Aura
Migraine with Brainstem Aura
Causes of Migraine-Migraines may be caused by changes in the brainstem and its interactions with the trigeminal nerve, a major pain pathway.
Imbalances in brain chemicals including serotonin, which helps regulate pain in your nervous system also may be involved. Researchers are still studying the role of serotonin in migraines.
Serotonin levels drop during migraine attacks. This may cause your trigeminal nerve to release substances called neuropeptides, which travel to your brain’s outer covering (meninges). The result is migraine pain. Other neurotransmitters play a role in the pain of migraine, including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP).Those symptoms may include as-
Allergies and allergic reactions
Physical or emotional stress
Changes in Sleep patterns or irregular
Smoking or exposure to smoke
Hormonal changes in women
Changes in routine
The computer monitors
Lack of food
What is a Migraine Headache
A migraine is a painful throbbing sensation, usually experienced either in the temples, forehead, around the eyes, or at the rear of the head. This occurs due to the expansion of blood vessels, and the subsequent release of chemicals from the nerves which are attached to them. It is this expansion of the blood vessels which cause the pain associated with a migraine headaches.
Home Remedies for Migraine
Several factors make you more prone to having migraines, including:
Family history. If you have a family member with migraines, then you have a good chance of developing them too.
Age. Migraines can begin at any age, though the first often occurs during adolescence. Migraines tend to peak during your 30s, and gradually become less severe and less frequent in the following decades.
Sex. Women are three times more likely to have migraines. Headaches tend to affect boys more than girls during childhood, but by the time of puberty and beyond, more girls are affected.
Hormonal changes. If you are a woman who has migraines, you may find that your headaches begin just before or shortly after onset of menstruation.
They may also change during pregnancy or menopause. Migraines generally improve after menopause.
Some women report that migraine attacks begin during pregnancy, or their attacks worsen. For many, the attacks improved or didn’t occur during later stages in the pregnancy. Migraines often return during the postpartum period.